American history starts with the Colonial Period. This was a time of living with a few objects and in one rooms homes. These homes had clapboards sides and brick chimneys with a single batten door and shuttered windows.
Furniture and accessories were handmade and primitive in design. Paint was used on walls except on the wainscotting. The palette included earth tomes of yellow, almond, red and browns. Walls were usually decorated with a single color with some marbling and graining was popular.
The homes of this period were adorned with overhanging stories, gables, towers, fancy brickwork and wooden shingles, balusters, pendants, friezes and balustrades. These design elements were carried over to the furniture and ornate interior designs of the "Eastlake" period of American Victorian.
Wallpaper (floral motifs were preferred) was an affordable alternative to paint. Wood was used as heavy trim, chair rail and wainscotting. The furniture carried over the design elements from the exterior of the houses and has carvings, spindles and ornate features. Fabrics were brocade and needlepoint.
ARTS & CRAFTS (1860-1925)
The Arts & Craft movement incorporated many of the same concepts as Art Deco, except that the design elements were of nature and natural elements such as dragonflies and floral's. The design elements also incorporated stained glass; sometimes in minimal amounts and also as window decorations.
ART DECO (1920-1960)
The Art Deco style was named after an exhibition in Paris, France in 1925 and quickly became popular with Architects and Designer's.
This was the start of the Modernism movement of geometric forms, inspired by European Modernism, were luxurious with these rich textures and new materials. It was the start of an American sensitivity to textural and tonal contrasts in interior design. Walls were mostly painted an off-white, while wallpapers, glass (mirrored and tinted) walls,decorative borders and murals gained in popularity. There is a similarity to this style and the Arts & Crafts.
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PERIOD FURNITURE STYLES
Period furniture styles bring back a piece of history into our home. This style is how American Design Style started and allows us to re-live the period of growth our country experienced.
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